Soft tissue impaction – occlusal surface of tooth covered by soft tissue; requires mucoperiosteal flap elevation.
Partial bony impaction – part of crown covered by bone; requires mucoperiosteal flap elevation and bone removal.
Surgical removal of residual root tips includes cutting of soft tissue and bone, removal of tooth structure, and closure.
Synthetic bone graft. It is placed in an extraction site at the time of the extraction to preserve ridge integrity