Ridge preservation is a dental procedure performed after tooth extraction to minimize bone loss and maintain the shape and volume of the alveolar ridge (the portion of the jawbone that supports the teeth). A bone replacement graft used for ridge preservation aims to fill the extraction socket and promote new bone formation in the area.
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What is ridge preservation?
Ridge preservation is a dental procedure performed after tooth extraction to minimize bone loss and maintain the shape and volume of the alveolar ridge, the portion of the jawbone that supports the teeth.
Why is ridge preservation important?
Ridge preservation helps prevent the natural resorption or shrinkage of the bone that occurs after tooth extraction. Maintaining bone volume is crucial for future dental procedures, such as dental implant placement, and for preserving facial aesthetics.
What is a bone replacement graft used for ridge preservation?
A bone replacement graft is a material placed into the extraction socket after tooth removal to fill the void and promote new bone formation. It can be synthetic or derived from natural sources.
What materials are used for bone replacement grafts?
Bone replacement graft materials can include synthetic materials like calcium phosphate ceramics, calcium sulfate, bioactive glasses, polymers, or composite materials. Natural sources such as bone from a tissue bank or the patient’s own body (autograft) can also be used.
How is the bone replacement graft placed?
After tooth extraction, the graft material is placed directly into the extraction socket to fill the void. In some cases, a barrier membrane may be placed over the graft material to protect it and enhance bone regeneration.
Is ridge preservation painful?
Ridge preservation is typically performed under local anesthesia, so patients should not feel pain during the procedure. Some discomfort and swelling may occur after the surgery, but it can usually be managed with pain medication and proper post-operative care.
How long does it take for the bone to regenerate after ridge preservation?
The bone regeneration process varies from patient to patient but generally takes several weeks to months. During this time, the body gradually replaces the graft material with new bone tissue through osseointegration.
Can I get dental implants after ridge preservation?
Yes, ridge preservation helps maintain bone volume and quality, creating a more favorable environment for successful dental implant placement. Once sufficient bone regeneration has occurred, dental implants can be placed into the preserved ridge.
Are there any risks or complications associated with ridge preservation?
Ridge preservation is generally a safe and effective procedure, but as with any surgical procedure, there are risks of infection, bleeding, or graft failure. Your dentist or oral surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.
How much does ridge preservation cost?
The cost of ridge preservation can vary depending on factors such as the complexity of the case, the type of graft material used, and geographic location. It’s important to discuss the cost with your dentist or oral surgeon beforehand, as it may or may not be covered by dental insurance.
Always consult with your dentist or oral surgeon for personalized information and advice regarding ridge preservation and bone replacement grafts.