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Phase 1 and Phase 2 Orthodontics

Learn about Phase 1 and Phase 2 Orthodontics in children and when you need to manage the jaw and tooth relationships while they are growing.


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Phase 1 and Phase 2 orthodontics refer to different stages of orthodontic treatment for children.

Phase 1 Orthodontics FAQ

What is Phase 1 orthodontics?

Phase 1 orthodontics, also known as early interceptive treatment, is the first stage of orthodontic treatment that typically begins around ages 6 to 10. It aims to address issues with jaw growth, bite alignment, and space for incoming permanent teeth.

What types of problems does Phase 1 orthodontics address?

Phase 1 treatment can address problems such as crowded or misaligned teeth, crossbites, underbites, overbites, and other issues related to the alignment and development of the jaws and teeth.

What treatments are used in Phase 1 orthodontics?

Treatments can include palatal expanders, space maintainers, or limited braces to correct specific problems. The goal is to create a healthy environment for permanent teeth to grow and develop properly.

How long does Phase 1 treatment last?

Phase 1 treatment typically lasts about 9 to 18 months, depending on the specific issues being addressed and the patient’s response to treatment.

Is Phase 1 treatment necessary for all children?

Not all children need Phase 1 treatment. An orthodontic evaluation around age 7 can help determine if early intervention is necessary.

What are the benefits of Phase 1 orthodontics?

Early treatment can guide proper jaw development, create space for permanent teeth, correct bite problems, and potentially reduce the need for more extensive treatment later.


Phase 2 Orthodontics FAQ

What is Phase 2 orthodontics?

Phase 2 orthodontics is the second stage of treatment that typically begins around ages 11 to 14, after most permanent teeth have erupted. It aims to achieve final alignment and bite correction.

What treatments are used in Phase 2 orthodontics?

Phase 2 treatment often involves braces, clear aligners, or other orthodontic appliances to align the teeth and jaws properly.

How long does Phase 2 treatment last?

Phase 2 treatment usually lasts about 12 to 24 months, depending on the complexity of the case and the treatment plan.

What are the goals of Phase 2 orthodontics?

The main goals of Phase 2 treatment are to correct misaligned teeth and jaws, create a proper bite, and achieve a beautiful and functional smile.

Is Phase 2 orthodontics necessary after Phase 1?

Even if a child receives Phase 1 treatment, Phase 2 may still be necessary to achieve optimal alignment and bite correction as permanent teeth continue to grow.

What happens after Phase 2 orthodontics?

After Phase 2 treatment, patients may need to wear retainers to maintain their new alignment and prevent relapse.

If you have any further questions about Phase 1 or Phase 2 orthodontics, your orthodontist can provide personalized advice and recommendations based on your child’s specific needs and treatment plan.